Scientific and technical progress greatly affects our life. Due to the latest achievements in pharmacology we have medicine to cure diseases, which were considered to be fatal not so long ago. Engineers create new equipment and instruments to help to diagnose and treat diseases. New equipment is installed not only in hospitals, but also in veterinary clinics. New veterinary equipment and veterinary instrumentation are necessary to satisfy the needs of stockbreeding industry. Also, the number of people who have pets (not only traditional like cats and dogs, but also pigs, horses and so on) is permanently increasing thus the demand for skilled veterinarians with high quality vet instrumentation and equipment remains very high. We focus our attention on certain types of veterinary equipment and give you general information on these instruments.
Veterinary Surgical Instruments
Surgical instruments, including veterinarian, should satisfy certain requirements. First of all, they must be durable, resistant to mechanical and chemical effects. The design and material of the tool must be such that in case of breakage the remaining fragments are big and visible, so that the surgeon can safely remove them. The surface of the instruments should be mat; otherwise, it will reflect lamplight and complicate the operation.
Veterinary instruments include scalpels, surgical scissors, clips, needle holders and others. Usually these instruments are combined in sets for certain operations like microsurgery set, general surgery set, ovariotomy set, obstetric set and so on. Besides, such thing like operating table, surgical light and other related devices (like pump for artificial respiration, anesthesia machine and so on) can be found in price lists of surgical instruments.
Main suppliers of the instruments are Miltrex (the USA), Crocodile (Belgium), D-Med (Belgium), Bar Knight Precision Engineers LTD (the UK), but there are a lot of others as the market is really big.
Veterinary Dental Instruments
Veterinary dentistry is very important, as the health of an animal depends not only on the quality of the food it eats, but also on how well the food is masticated. You should also take into account that a good veterinary dentist should be able to treat diseases of not only teeth but also various oral pathologies, jaw problems and pathology of cranial sinuses. The most common problems are delayed dentition (when a milk tooth is still in place and a molar has to locate in the second row), odontolith, bones and splinters stuck in the teeth or in the throat, tooth split and even tumor. All of these diseases are dangerous without timely treatment. Most common symptoms of an oral disease are bad smell from the maw, loss of appetite and lassitude. If you notice these symptoms, you should immediately contact a vet.
Equipment, necessary for dental treatment is very diverse. Veterinary equipment, which is used for dental purposes, includes surgery instruments and special tools for odontolith removal. The latest achievement in dental treatment is scaler. This is a multifunctional tool that can be used for various purposes, including oral irrigation and dental plague removal. It is based on ultrasonic technologies and due to many types of jacks a scaler can be integrated with other machines. Scalers can function in watering mode. For medical purposes water can be changed for a special therapeutic solution. Scalers are very safe in use, as modern electronics control the level of line voltage and immediately turn of the machine in case of a break. In veterinary portable dental units are also widely used. They usually include basic machines (drilling and calculus removing), set of drills and nozzles, dental milling cutter and other tools, required for basic operations and treatment.
Veterinary X-Ray Machine
X-ray diagnosis is necessary to diagnose a great variety of diseases of the locomotor system, digestive tract, thoracic organs and other animal’s organs. Efficiency of X-ray studies greatly depends on the quality of the radiograph. In this case, digital imaging system connected to the X-ray machines is the best choice. Digital X-ray machines are very easy to use. Most modern models are operated with a touchscreen. User interface is rather simple. First, you should choose a program, depending on the size of the animal (small, medium and large). Than you can set other parameters of the radiograph (angle, projection and so on). If necessary, you can print the image on special photographic paper, so you don’t need to pay for X-ray film and other reagents. Another advantage of modern digital X-ray devices is less amount of radiation, comparing to the older models. This makes diagnosis safer, reduces the time, necessary for the procedure and provides ability to diagnose greater variety of diseases. Also, it is easier for a doctor to work with an up-to-date machine, so he can work more effectively.
Veterinary Monitoring Equipment
Veterinary monitoring equipment is represented by a great number of various monitors, analyzers and other devices. They are necessary both for proper diagnosis and for control of the vital sings of the animal during the operation. The vital parameters are ECG, pulse rate, temperature, blood pressure and level of respiration. Modern multifunctional monitors can provide you with all this information at the same time. Almost all modern veterinary monitors have high-definition color screen, which makes it easy to focus on the necessary parameter. Monitors are specially optimized for veterinary needs; the best models even have special programs for certain animals (dogs, cats, pigs, horses, etc.). The time during which the information is stored differs from one model to another, but generally it is from 24 to 72 hours. You can print it out or download it onto USB memory stick. Certain models have Ethernet and serial ports to connect to a central station, but it is used in large veterinary clinics.