What Is Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring: Reliable & Accurate Blood Pressure 24/7

ambulatory blood pressure monitor

Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, or simply ABPM, is a relatively new and non-invasive method or technique of obtaining a patient’s blood pressure readings 24/7, while a patient stays in his/her own environment and represents a true blood pressure reflection. In the simplest terms, ABPM assesses or measures a patient’s blood pressure at regular intervals (every 20 minutes at daytime, every hour overnight). A device used for ABPM is called ambulatory blood pressure machine or monitor.

Many medical studies have already confirmed that 24/7 ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is superior to blood pressure monitoring in a clinical setting in estimating cardiac risk factors, like predicting future target organ damage and cardiovascular events. ABPM is able to provide the information that will be fundamentally different from the one got by a doctor out of a patient’s blood pressure readings taken in the office. For example, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is believed to be helpful in reducing the effect of white coat hypertension, according to which a patient’s blood pressure gets elevated during a medical examination as a response to a simple anxiety or nervousness caused by being in a clinical environment. For this reason almost all hypertension organizations highly recommend to use ABP or out-of-office measurements as an adjunct to office measurements. Let’s take a deeper look at the main guidelines of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring technique.

Top 4 Memory Foam Mattress Toppers

memory foam mattress topper reviews

These days there are tens of types of mattresses available. Their variety, and not price, is the main reason why so many back pain sufferers understand that making a choice is too difficult. So, what’s the best variant that can support the contours of one’s lower back without placing excess pressure on shoulders and hips?

We suggest buying memory foam mattress toppers, as only they are capable of providing a perfect sleeping surface. Though in normal temperature the surface is rather firm, as soon as you lie down it begins to react to the body’s temperature, molding itself to the shape of the body.

Memory foam bed toppers have all the quality features that back pain sufferers are looking for. They are evenly firm and have a buoyant sleeping surface. In addition, they are hypoallergenic and never attract any mites or harbor, as most regular mattresses do. These toppers have many great qualities that make them a perfect variant both for sick and healthy people.

What Is Autoclave? Its Types, Use and Reliable Manufacturers

what is autoclave

What is autoclave?  This is medical equipment that was initially created by a French microbiologist Charles Chamberlain in 1879. Today it destroys microorganisms using steam and is commonly regarded to as one of the most dependable systems that are available for the sterilization of laboratory reagents, glassware and media.

Types of Autoclave

Today they differentiate several different types. The simplest one reminds a pressure cooker. This is a large pot with bolts that fasten the top. The water that is inside the container is heated above the boiling point and the steam destroys all microorganisms.

FYI, each unit can be classified either as a type B or N device. Type N devices don’t use a vacuum for removing the air from the chamber, and type B units feature a special vacuum pump. What is the difference? And what is an autoclave used for? Type N devices are suitable for solid unwrapped instruments, whereas type B ones are used for hollow and wrapped instruments (equipment can be easily sterilized now to be used later).

Baby Bottle Sterilizers

baby bottle sterilizer

There is not much information about baby bottle sterilizers, and apparently this is due to the fact that such household items have not got accustomed yet. Most people think that different novelties aren’t worth spending money. As for baby sterilizers, we would say that it is better to save money on something, but to buy this useful and functional item. Disinfection is essential for baby’s health, as it kills germs and viruses, which cause infection, thus ensuring the safety of disinfected supplies.

The primary function of sterilizer is to cleanse and to destroy harmful bacteria, since that is actually the cause of dysbiosis. Bottle sterilizers operate in automatic mode and they are automatically switched off, so they are safe and easy to use. But still you should keep children away from it, as well as from any other electrical equipment.

The sterilizers can be divided into three groups according to their operating principle:

– steam sterilizers, in which the steam is formed due to the evaporation of water;

– steam sterilizers for microwave ovens, which operate on the same basis, but are more economical due to the power consumption of the microwave;

– sterilizers, which perform cold sterilization by means of tablets or special liquid disinfectant (convenient for those occasions when you go outside or when there is no electricity).

Biphasic Defibrillator. Zoll and Philips Devices for Cardiac Emergency

biphasic defibrillator

What is defibrillation? This is a process, when a certain electronic device is used to send an electric shock to the heart in order to stop a rapid and irregular heartbeat, thus restoring a normal heart rhythm. Defibrillation should be performed immediately after a patient is experiencing a cardiac emergency or has no pulse, and the best device to use is a biphasic defibrillator.

During the process, current travels from paddle to paddle in one direction and then in the other one. Over the course of delivery the delivered energy levels vary. The use of such device has its benefits:

  • It requires less energy for restoring a normal heart rhythm.
  • Its usage lowers the risks of cellular damages and burns to the heart.

The Primary Characteristics of Non Invasive Blood Pressure Monitor

non invasive blood pressure monitor

A non invasive blood pressure monitor is much used in medical practice. This device is used in healthcare and medical centers. Patients who have healthcare problems that are connected with blood pressure always use this device to measure their blood pressure. This device is not used under home conditions for a number of reasons: the prices for a device are rather high and not all people can afford buying this device; the instructions are rather complicated and, as a result, professionals study the instructions very carefully to use the device appropriately; the results that are shown by the device cannot be easily evaluated and interpreted by ordinary people.

Regardless of the fact that the device shows the results on the screen of the monitor, people should be aware of the minimum and maximum blood pressure rates to understand whether their results are within a norm or whether they are above or below a norm. More than that, as soon as people get the results, appropriate medical treatment should be applied. People are not recommended to choose medications on their own or on the request of their acquaintances, as these medications can cause severe complications. Only physicians who have examined patients have the right to prescribe appropriate medications. Physicians often use the device to get to know whether patients are ready for an operation. As a rule, people with too low blood pressure cannot be operated. Therefore, as soon as physicians get the results, they can take measures to prepare patients for an operation.

Top Characteristics of an Oxygen Monitor

oxygen monitor

Nowadays, an oxygen monitor is much used in medical practice by physicians and average people under usual life conditions. Those people who have severe lung or pulmonary diseases, such as, for example, a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease should consult specialists all the time. Such people remain under medical control because they have chronically poor airflow. Physicians monitor blood oxygen saturation for lung disease to avoid the worsening of the situation or any further complications. People who go in for sports can use an oxygen saturation monitor to check their airflow before the training starts and after the training is over. This device is of great importance both to amateur sportsmen and professional ones. Amateur sportsmen can use a blood oxygen monitor to regulate their airflow. They should increase the speed and amount of time they spend on running gradually to avoid the worsening of healthcare outcomes. This medical device will help to regulate the speed and the amount of physical activities in general. Professional sportsmen should use an oxygen monitor to be aware of their blood oxygen saturation. Then, they should compare the results to average ones and define whether their results are within a norm or whether they are below or above a norm.

What Is a Sphygmomanometer: Definition & History of Invention

what is a sphygmomanometer

Sphygmomanometer, also called a blood pressure meter or sphygmometer, is an instrument or device that is specifically designed to measure arterial blood pressure. It is composed of an inflatable air-bladder rubber cuff that is wrapped around an upper arm and restricts any blood flow, and a mercury or pressure gauge (mechanical manometer) that actually measures the pressure. It’s a very simple but rather effective medical instrument with the help of which one can accurately measure one’s blood pressure, which, in fact, should be around 120/80 (normal blood pressure reading for adults).

Blood pressure sphygmomanometer (from the Greek ‘sphygmos’ – the pulse or beating of the heart, plus manometer – a tension or pressure measuring device) was firstly introduced in 1881 by Samuel Karl Ritter von Basch, and in 1896 an Italian physician Scipione Riva-Rocci invented a more easily-used version of this device, which in 1901 was modernized and popularized within the medical community by Harvey Cushing. At present, it is one of the most common medical instruments.

Finger Pulse Oximeter

finger pulse oximeter

A finger pulse oximeter is a device that measures oxygen saturation. A blood-oxygen monitor shows the percentage of blood that is loaded together with oxygen. To be more specific, the device measures the percentage of protein in blood that can be carried by oxygen only or the percentage of hemoglobin. A norm for people who have no pulmonary or lung diseases is 95 – 99 percent. As a matter of fact, there are a number of symptoms that indicate that people have a low level of hemoglobin.

The most common of them are the following ones: people fill dizzy; they have constant headaches and no antispasmodic medications are effective; people can lose coordination; they can lack air, and this list can be prolonged. As soon as people notice some of the aforementioned symptoms, they should turn for help to specialists, who will examine them and give all the necessary medications. At first sight, the symptoms that are connected with a low level of hemoglobin seem to be insignificant. However, that is not so. If no medical treatment is provided and patients’ outcomes do not improve, the healthcare outcomes may worse, which can cause severe complications or even lead to the death.

Simplifying the Draws with Blood Collection Tubes

blood collection tubes

Blood collection tubes are designed for drawing blood for different laboratory tests. They were firstly designed in 1947 by Joseph Kleiner. At that time they were referred to as vacutainers. However, today they are so great in number that if you’re not a professional, the choice of the right one becomes a real problem. Health care professionals are trained to differentiate the tubes by their colors, when it is needed to collect the specimen.

The majority of blood draw tubes have an additive, which prevents the blood from clotting. They also feature a clot activator that produces the serum sample, when the blood is separated by centrifugation. And an anticoagulant produces plasma sample right after the centrifugation.

Many tests require the use of plasma, some require the use of serum, the other ones – anticoagulated whole blood. They all have a vacuum that assists in the process of filling. An evacuated tube has a stopper with a septum punctured by an assembly of a needle during the collection. In most cases the stopper surrounds a plastic safety closure.