Category: Surgical Equipment

What Is Autoclave? Its Types, Use and Reliable Manufacturers

what is autoclave

What is autoclave?  This is medical equipment that was initially created by a French microbiologist Charles Chamberlain in 1879. Today it destroys microorganisms using steam and is commonly regarded to as one of the most dependable systems that are available for the sterilization of laboratory reagents, glassware and media.

Types of Autoclave

Today they differentiate several different types. The simplest one reminds a pressure cooker. This is a large pot with bolts that fasten the top. The water that is inside the container is heated above the boiling point and the steam destroys all microorganisms.

FYI, each unit can be classified either as a type B or N device. Type N devices don’t use a vacuum for removing the air from the chamber, and type B units feature a special vacuum pump. What is the difference? And what is an autoclave used for? Type N devices are suitable for solid unwrapped instruments, whereas type B ones are used for hollow and wrapped instruments (equipment can be easily sterilized now to be used later).

Baby Bottle Sterilizers

baby bottle sterilizer

There is not much information about baby bottle sterilizers, and apparently this is due to the fact that such household items have not got accustomed yet. Most people think that different novelties aren’t worth spending money. As for baby sterilizers, we would say that it is better to save money on something, but to buy this useful and functional item. Disinfection is essential for baby’s health, as it kills germs and viruses, which cause infection, thus ensuring the safety of disinfected supplies.

The primary function of sterilizer is to cleanse and to destroy harmful bacteria, since that is actually the cause of dysbiosis. Bottle sterilizers operate in automatic mode and they are automatically switched off, so they are safe and easy to use. But still you should keep children away from it, as well as from any other electrical equipment.

The sterilizers can be divided into three groups according to their operating principle:

– steam sterilizers, in which the steam is formed due to the evaporation of water;

– steam sterilizers for microwave ovens, which operate on the same basis, but are more economical due to the power consumption of the microwave;

– sterilizers, which perform cold sterilization by means of tablets or special liquid disinfectant (convenient for those occasions when you go outside or when there is no electricity).

Biphasic Defibrillator. Zoll and Philips Devices for Cardiac Emergency

biphasic defibrillator

What is defibrillation? This is a process, when a certain electronic device is used to send an electric shock to the heart in order to stop a rapid and irregular heartbeat, thus restoring a normal heart rhythm. Defibrillation should be performed immediately after a patient is experiencing a cardiac emergency or has no pulse, and the best device to use is a biphasic defibrillator.

During the process, current travels from paddle to paddle in one direction and then in the other one. Over the course of delivery the delivered energy levels vary. The use of such device has its benefits:

  • It requires less energy for restoring a normal heart rhythm.
  • Its usage lowers the risks of cellular damages and burns to the heart.

An Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator. Its Benefits and Risks

implantable cardioverter defibrillator

ICD or an implantable cardioverter defibrillator is a special electronic device that is installed inside the patient’s chest for preventing sudden death from cardiac arrest that occurs because of tachycardia. The very first devices of this type appeared in the 1970s, and the first implantation took place in 1980. At that time ICDs had a single therapy option – defibrillation, and the generator was placed in the abdomen.

Today an implantable defibrillator has several options and can monitor the heart rhythm. When it is normal, the device is inactive. However, when it develops a life threatening condition like tachycardia, the device delivers one or several electrical shocks to the heart in order to terminate the abnormal rhythms, thus returning the heart rhythm to the norm.

Surgical Lights: from the Beginning up to This Day

surgical lights

Surgical light is also called operating light or a surgical lighthead. It is used to illuminate patient’s cavity or local area during the operation. In case a few surgical lights are used it is called a ‘surgical light system’.

The history of surgical lighting dates back to 1850s. The operating room had windows in the ceiling and was built towards the south-east. It was very inconvenient because the medical personnel or equipment could block the light, and the weather conditions could be unfavorable. Later on, the mirrors were placed on the corners of the ceiling so that they could reflect the light.

With the appearance of electric lights, the problem was partially solved. However, the first lights created great heat radiation and the emission of light was hardly controlled.

Automated External Defibrillator for Cases of Sudden Cardiac Arrest

automated external defibrillator

It is a well-known fact that sudden cardiac arrest is one of the triggers of death of many people in the USA. The main problem is that this very condition can happen to anyone and at any age. No one is protected. No one’s safety is ever guaranteed. An automated external defibrillator (AED) is a reliable device used for restoration of a regular heart rhythm. As it is easy to operate, it can be effectively used both by people with medical background and those without one.

This is a lightweight and portable device, which works delivering an electric shock through the chest and right to the heart. The method allows a normal heart rhythm to resume. Want to know more?