Category: Anesthesia Machines

Anesthesia Monitors

Anesthesia monitor

In modern office procedures narcosis (central pain treatment) is applied in very rare cases; these measures, as a rule, are undefended – it is like pot shooting. Nowadays monitoring is the best possible measure of sedation implementation with simultaneous control of patient’s state.

Monitoring is obligatory for the observation of pathological states of a patient, connected with the risk of developing of life-threatening complications. Also, monitoring is carried out during extensive operations in intensive care units. For the day anesthesia monitor is considered to be needful equipment for every modern hospital.

Anesthesia Equipment & Instruments: Definitions & Principles of Practical Usage

Anesthesia equipment

Anesthesia, or anesthetic equipment, is a set of instruments and devices used in anesthesiology, which is the medical science or a branch of medicine that studies and applies or administers anesthetics. Probably, the most common part of anesthesia equipment is the anesthesia machine, also called Boyle’s machine (named after Henry Boyle, the British anesthesiologist, who in 1917 invented the machine’s original concept), which is a special medical device that consists of a ventilator, suction unit, and a patient monitoring device and is used primarily for supporting anesthesia administration to the patients.

Ventilator Circuit

ventilator circuit

Artificial lung ventilation (ALV) was introduced into clinical practice in 1929 in order to “provide opportunities for all patients with impaired respiratory function to restore normal breathing”. This procedure has been used as a selective lung ventilation method in some pathological conditions for a long time.

Auxiliary ventilation allows the patient to maintain spontaneous breathing. Auxiliary lung ventilation can be considered as an interim stage between traditional artificial lung ventilation and adequate independent breathing.

The main task of anesthetic equipment of any complexity is to provide respiratory functions of the organism, i.e. effective gas exchange in conditions of separate or artificial respiration. Breathing circuit provides oxygen and anesthetics administration from anesthesia apparatus into the respiratory tract (lungs) of a patient and removal of this expiratory mixture. There are two main types of ventilator circuits: with and without the reversion of gas mixture. Reversion means full or partial rebreathing of the anesthetic gas that has already been exhaled. The simplest systems are nonrebreathing ones, which do not use the expiratory mixture again and depend on the level of fresh gas flow. Several models of such systems are described by Mapelson and are still used in some areas of anesthesiology, for example in pediatrics. However, in order to prevent the accumulation of CO2 in the circuit a flow of fresh gas is required, which exceeds minute pulmonary ventilation at least twice.

Anesthesia Ventilator: Certified Means Of Lung Ventilation

anesthesia ventilator

Artificial lung ventilation (ALV) provides gas exchange between environment air (or a mixture of gases) and lung alveoli. It is used as a reanimation tool in case of a sudden respiratory arrest, as a component of anesthesia, a means of intensive therapy of acute respiratory failure and some diseases of nervous and muscular systems.

Anesthesia ventilator is a part of the operational unit equipment in any modern clinic and is used during surgical operations of increased complexity. It provides monitoring of patient’s breath, improves oxygen delivery into the body and excretion of carbon dioxide. The ventilator can be applied with all types of facilities for inhalation narcosis; it can also minimize unwanted complications during surgery. An anesthesiologist can qualitatively monitor patient’s breath and state as well as respond to any changes during the surgical interference. The device is especially valuable when carrying out long-term operations: in combination with inhalation narcosis even the most difficult operations are withstood much easier by patients, it helps to decrease the risks of anesthesia.

Top Characteristics of an Oxygen Monitor

oxygen monitor

Nowadays, an oxygen monitor is much used in medical practice by physicians and average people under usual life conditions. Those people who have severe lung or pulmonary diseases, such as, for example, a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease should consult specialists all the time. Such people remain under medical control because they have chronically poor airflow. Physicians monitor blood oxygen saturation for lung disease to avoid the worsening of the situation or any further complications. People who go in for sports can use an oxygen saturation monitor to check their airflow before the training starts and after the training is over. This device is of great importance both to amateur sportsmen and professional ones. Amateur sportsmen can use a blood oxygen monitor to regulate their airflow. They should increase the speed and amount of time they spend on running gradually to avoid the worsening of healthcare outcomes. This medical device will help to regulate the speed and the amount of physical activities in general. Professional sportsmen should use an oxygen monitor to be aware of their blood oxygen saturation. Then, they should compare the results to average ones and define whether their results are within a norm or whether they are below or above a norm.

Drager Anesthesia Machines: Technical Excellence in Every Solution

drager anesthesia machine

The anesthetic (UK), or anesthesia (US), machine, also known as Boyle’s machine (the original concept for the machine was invented in 1917 by the British anesthetist Henry Boyle), is a special kind of medical equipment used mainly by anesthesiologists, anesthesiologist assistants, and nurse anesthetists to support anesthesia administration to the patient. The original machine concept has gone though time and changes, and today modern anesthesia machines incorporate the following parts: ventilator, patient monitoring device, and suction unit.

The world knows a lot of types of anesthetic machines, but a continuous-flow anesthetic machine is considered the most common one, designed to provide a continuous mixed supply of medical gases (e.g. nitrous oxide or oxygen) and anesthetic vapor concentration (e.g. isoflurane), and delivering it directly to the patient at both safe flow and pressure. And if we talk about safety medical technology, then Dr?ger is truly an international leader that conveys the asset of ‘safety’ in its every solution.

Types of Anesthesia Masks to Be Used during Surgical Interventions

anesthesia mask

Anesthesia is highly important during most surgeries in order to eliminate pain. In most cases physicians use general anesthesia that helps in making a person fall asleep, thus eliminating the slightest possibilities of movement.

For these purposes they use an anesthesia mask that carries air mixed with special medication. In fact, some patients even get a chance to choose their favorite scent in order to flavor the air that is flowing through a special mask. As soon as the medication is given, there aren’t any needs to make shots, while the patient is still awake.

When going to sleep some patients are willing to take off the mask. This is a usual reaction of most people. Some start gagging, coughing, complaining about the smell and even saying they cannot breathe. These are also the usual reactions. Normally, it takes up to 90 seconds before a person falls asleep.

Veterinary anesthesia machine

veterinary anesthesia equipment

Inhalation anesthesia method is based on vapor or gas anesthetics inhalation. Filling the body with them is done by the anesthetics diffusion through the alveoli which depends on concentration, type of anesthetics, their solubility in blood and flesh, circulatory and breathing conditions.

Inhalation anesthesia is more controlled; it can be characterized by distinct anesthesia stages. Inhalation anesthesia can be produced by several methods, and, therefore, different veterinary anesthesia systems are used.

While holding open circuit anesthesia the anesthetic is inserted into animal’s lungs together with the air. The exhalation is done into the air ( Esmarch mask).

Anesthetic Vaporizers: Types and Medical Application

vaporizer machine

The primer purpose of a vaporizer machine is adding anesthetic vapor into the fresh gas flow. It’s done in such a way that the output delivers the set anesthetic agent concentration in the most accurate way. Soon fresh gas enters the inlet and gets divided into two pathways. Here things depend on the setting of the control dial. The fresh gas never comes into contact with the vapor, but still it gets fully saturated with vapor. At the exit the gas meets the chamber gas and they two mix. The output of the process depends on how much of fresh gas went through the pathways.

An anesthesia vaporizer machine is one of the most critical components of the whole anesthetic machine. It produces a predictable and controlled concentration of vapor in the gas that passes through the vaporizer.